Environmental control relates to knowing the comfort requirements of an individual in relation to both natural and man-made environments and knowing how to deal with and control environmental factors as an integral part of architectural design. Its purpose is to reach the best possible environmental solutions that provide the best comfortable internal space for a person to practice his living activities.
One of the most important elements for designing an environmentally friendly building is the climate component, which includes temperature, solar radiation, relative humidity, wind and air movement. All buildings need insulation from heat and complete isolation from humidity, as it leads to damage to the structural and building materials elements, which leads to shortening the life of the building. Consideration should be given to treating solid parts such as walls and ceilings by using water sprinklers and the roof garden for cooling and humidification, for example, in order to avoid the high solar radiation that negatively affects the exterior building and thus the internal space. You must also take into account the air movement in the building, including what is known as ventilation, to ensure the appropriate atmosphere for the individual in terms of thermal and health.